Fukuyama in "The Origins of Political Order":
Click to enlarge:
Reading that excerpt I couldn't help but think that it's fundamentally anti-Christian, or at least an implicit call to transcend it via spiritual means. Because if recognition is "zero-sum" then it is quantitatively different than, say, a quest for health or wealth (both of which could be seen as win-win, or at least are not dependent on someone else losing something). Trade, for example, is a win-win. But if recognition is you lose-I win then it's fundamentally anti-Christian. To me it was illustrative of a result of the Fall, because God wouldn't have set up the world originally this way. What really interested me was how we need to base our recognition for self and others in our being children of God and valued by God, and yet Fukuyama says that doesn't work since we only experience value relative to how we rank with others.